Effects of climate change on Agriculture

Authors

  • Aman Kumar Gupta Institute of Agricultural Sciences Banaras Hindu University Varanasi
  • Dipak Yadav B.Sc(Ag) Hons. From Institute of Agricultural Sciences Banaras Hindu University Varanasi
  • Priyanka Gupta B.Sc(Ag) Hons. From Institute of Agricultural Sciences Banaras Hindu University Varanasi
  • Supriya Ranjan B.Sc(Ag) Hons. From Institute of Agricultural Sciences Banaras Hindu University Varanasi
  • Vishal Gupta M.Sc. Agronomy From School of Agriculture, ITM Gwalior
  • Sirpat Badhai B.Sc(Ag) Hons. From Institute of Agricultural Sciences Banaras Hindu University Varanasi

Abstract

Agriculture production is dependent on climatic and weather conditions but now-days increasing in temperature, precipitation, and CO2 concentration directly affects crop production. The CO2 concentration is rising at a rate of 1.5 to 1.8 ppm per year. Decline in rainfall of 0.7 percent and 3.0 percent in 2050, of 5.0 percent and 7.6 percent in year 2100 and 3-4 degrees Celsius temperatures are increased by the end of the 21st century should be observed in India. Increasing in 10C in temperature reduces wheat production by 4 to 5 percent. After harvesting the crop, crop residue is burned in the field that should also help in increasing the level of CO2 and kill the micro-organisms of that field. Climate change also affects an ecosystem directly or indirectly. Change in climate will affect the groundwater recharge, water cycle, soil moisture, livestock, and aquatic species. Change in climate increase the incidence of pests and diseases, which causes a huge loss in crop production. Due to climate change deterioration in soil fertility, promote salinity, defiance many pesticides, herbicides and deterioration of irrigation water quality should be found.

References

Adams RM, McCarl BA, Segerson K, Rosenzweig C, Bryant KJ, Dixon BL, Conner R, Evenson RE, Ojima D (1998) The economic effects of climate change on U.S. agriculture, Chap 2. In: Mendelsohn R, Neumann J (eds) The economics of climate change. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge (in press).

Aggarwal PK (2008) Global climate change and Indian agriculture: impacts, adaptation and mitigation. Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 78(11), 911.

Aggarwal PK and Kalra N (1994) Simulating the effect of climatic factors, genotype and management on productivity of wheat in India. Indian Agricultural Research Institute Publication, New Delhi, India, pp. 156.

Allen DM, Mackie DC, Wei M (2004) Groundwater and climate change: a sensitivity analysis for the Grand Forks aquifer, southern British Columbia. Hydrogeol J 12: 270-290.

Anupama M. (2004) climate change and its impact on agriculture International Journal of Scientific and Research Publications. Volume 4, Issue 4, April 2014 ISSN 2250-3153

Balling Jr, R. C. and Cerveny, R. S. (2003) Compilation and discussion of trends in severe storms in the United States: Popular perception v. climate reality. Natural Hazards 29, 103–112.

Bhaskaran B, Mitchell JFB, Lavery JR and Lal M (1995) Climatic response of Indian subcontinent to doubled CO2 concentrations. Int. Journ. Climatol. 15, 873–892.

Bruinsma J (ed.) (2003) World Agriculture: Towards 2015/2030: An FAO Perspective. Earthscan: UK.

CGWB (2002) Master Plan for Artificial Recharge to Ground Water in India Central Ground Water Board, New Delhi, February 2002, 115 pp.

Chen S, Chen X, Xu J (2016) Impacts of climate change on agriculture: evidence from China. J. Environ. Econom. Manage. 76, 105–124. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jeem.2015.01.005.

Christian Hansen (2007) Generalized least squares inference in panel and multilevel models with serial correlation and fixed effects. Journal of Econometrics. 140:670- 694.

Cline W (2007) Global Warming and Agriculture (Washington, DC: Peterson Institute for International Economics).

Eckhardt K, Ulbrich U (2003) Potential impacts of climate change on groundwater recharge and streamflow in a central European low mountain range. J Hydrol 284: 244-252.

Fahad S, Wang J (2017) Evaluation of Pakistani farmers’ willingness to pay for crop insurance using contingent valuation method: the case of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province. Land Use Policy.

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.landusepol.2017.12.024 72 (2018) 570-577.

Fan Zhai and Juzhong Zhuang (2012) Agricultural impact of climate change: A general equilibrium analysis with special references to southeast Asia. doi:10.4135/9788132114000.n3.

Fauchereau N, Trzaska M, Rouault M and Richard Y (2003) Rainfall variability and changes in Southern Africa during the 20th century in the global warming context. Natural Hazards 29, 139–154.

Fischer I, Hager J, (2005) Livelihood strategies of vulnerable households take into account limited natural resources - Insights from Northern Vietnam. Paper presented at the Conference on International Agricultural Research for Development, Stuttgart-Hohenheim, 11–13.

G. Malla (2008) Climate Change and Its Impact on Nepalese agriculture The Journal of Agriculture and Environment. Vol.: 9.

Gautam H R (2009) Preserving the future. In; Joy of Life- The Mighty Aqua. Bennett, Coleman & Co. Ltd., The Times of India, Chandigarh.

Gautam HR, Kumar R (2007) Need for rainwater harvesting in agriculture. J Kurukshetra 55: 12-15.

Hanh TTH (2011) Income Diversification in Fishing and Aquaculture in the Tam Giang Lagoon – Adaptation to Climate Change or not (Master Thesis). Swedish University (SLU).

Hoogenboom G (2000) Contribution of agrometeorology to the simulation of crop production and its applications. Agric. Forest Meteorology 103, 137–157.

Houghton JT, Ding Y, Griggs DJ, Noguer M, Linden PJ, Dai X, Maskell K and Johnson CA (2001) IPCC (Intergovernmental Panel for Climate Change) Climate Change 2001 – The Scientific Basis, Contribution of Working Group I to the Third Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, 881 pp.

Huntington TG (2003) Climate warming could reduce runoff significantly in New England. Agric For Meteorol 117: 193-201.

IMF (2017) The Effects of Weather Shocks on Economic Activity. How Can Low-Income Countries Cope? IMF Publication. Chapter 3.

Imhen (2010) Climate change and its impact in Vietnam. Science and Technics Publishing House, HaNoi.

IPCC (1998) Principles governing IPCC work, Approved at the 14th session of the IPCC.

IPCC (2007b) Climate Change 2007: Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability. Contribution of Work Group II to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate. Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, UK.

IPCC WGI, Climate Change (2007) The Physical Science Basis. Contribution of Working Group I To the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Changeeds, Cambridge University Press, New York, NY, USA.

Isponre (2009) Vietnam assessment report on climate change (VARCC). Report, Institute of Strategy and Policy on Natural Resources and Environment.

Japneet Kaur (2017) Impact of Climate Change on Agricultural Productivity and Food Security Resulting in Poverty in India (D.M.270/2004).

Jung, Hyun-Sook, Choi, Y, Oh, Joi-ho and Lim, Gyu-ho (2002) Recent trends in temperature and precipitation over South Korea. Int. J. of Climatology 22, 1327–1337.

Keeling CD, Whorf TP, Wahlen MM and Van der Plicht J (1999) Interannual extreames in the rate of rise of atmosphric carbon dioxide since 1980. Nature 375, 666–670

Khan SA, Kumar S, Hussain, M Z, & Kalra N (2009) Climate change, climate variability and Indian agriculture: impacts vulnerability and adaptation strategies. In Climate Change and Crops (pp. 19-38). Springer Berlin Heidelberg.

Kohler T, Maseli D (2012) Mountains and Climate Change-From Understanding to Action, third ed. Published by Geographica Bernensia with support of the Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation (SDC) and an International Team of Contributors. Bern, Switzerland.

Krupa S (2003) Atmosphere and agriculture in the new millennium. Environmental Pollution 126, 293–300.

Kumar KK, Kumar KR, Ashrit RG, Deshpande NR and Hansen JW (2004) Climate impacts on Indian agriculture. International Journal of Climatology 24(11), 1375–1393.

Lam NT, Vien TD (2010) Livestock development in Tat Hamlet, Northern Uplands of Vietnam. J. Sci. Develop. 8 (1), 25–33.

Long et al., (2006) Recent research in the crop modelling school has cast doubt on the magnitude of beneficial effects from CO2 fertilization.

Mahendra DS (2011) Climate Change, Rural livelihoods and Agriculture (focus on Food Security) in Asia – Pacific Region. Working Paper 2011-014. Indira Gandhi Institute of Development Research (IGIDR).

Mendelsohn R (2014) The impact of climate change on agriculture in Asia. J. Integr. Agri. 13 (4), 660–665. https://doi.org/10.1016/S2095-3119(13)60701-7.

Mendelsohn R, Nordhaus WD, Shaw D (1994) The impact of global warming on agriculture: a Ricardian analysis. Am. Econ. Rev. 84 (4), 753–771.

Mishra D, Sahu NC (2014) Economic impact of climate change on agriculture sector of coastal Odisha. APCBEE Procedia 10, 241–245. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apcbee.2014.10.046.

Monre (2012) Climate Change, Sea Level Rise Scenarios for Vietnam. Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment, Hanoi, Vietnam.

Morton J (2007) The impact of climate change on smallholder and subsistence agriculture. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 104[50]: 19680–19685.

Ngondjeb YD (2013) Agriculture and climate change in Cameroon: an assessment of impacts and adaptation options. African J. Sci., Technol., Innovat. Develop. 5 (1), 85–94. https://doi.org/10.1080/20421338.2013.782151.

Nordhaus, William D (1991) To slow or not to slow: The economics of the greenhouse effect. The Economic Journal. 101, pp. 920–937.

Pearce D, Cline W, Achanta A, Fankhauser S, Pachauri R, Tol R & Vellinga P (1996) The social costs of climate change: Greenhouse damage and benefits of control, in: J. Bruce, H. Lee and E. Haites (Eds) Climate Change 1995: Economic and Social Dimensions of Climate pp.179–224 Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Reilly J, Tubiello F, McCarl B et al. (2003) U.S. Agriculture and climate change: new results. Climatic Change, vol. 57, no. 1-2, pp. 43–69.

Richard M, Adams, Brian H, Hurd, Stephanie Lenhart (1998) Neil Leary Effects of global climate change on agriculture: an interpretative review Vol. 11: 19–30, Climate Research.

Scenario A2 is the second highest emission scenario among the six scenarios considered by the Third and Fourth Assessments Reports of IPCC. Cline (2007) argued that scenario A2 should be viewed as an intermediate emission path as IPCC scenarios are biased towards underestimation of the future emission.

Schad I, Schmitter P, Saint - Macary C, Neef A, Lamers M, Nguyen L, Hilger T, Hoffmann V (2011) Why do people not learn from flood disasters? Evidence from Vietnam’s northwestern mountains. Nat. Hazards 62 (2), 221– 241. https:// doi.org/10.1007/s11069-011-9992-4.

Schlenker W, and Roberts M (2008) Estimating the impact of climate change on crop yields: the importance of nonlinear temperature effects. NBER Working Paper 13799.

Sinha SK, Singh GB, Rai M (1998) In:Decline in crop productivity in Haryana and Punjab: myth or reality? Indian Council of Agricultural Research, New Delhi, p. 89.

Sutherst RW, Maywald GF, Skarrate DB (1995) Predicting insect distributions in a changed climate. In: Harrington R, Stork NE (eds) Insects in a changing environment. Academic Press, London, p 59–71.

Swaminathan, Monkumbu S (2010) An evergreen revolution. Science and Sustainable Food Security: Selected Papers of MS Swaminathan. 325-329.

Thuc T, Neefjes K, Huong TTT, Thang NV, Nhuan MT, Tri LQ, Thanh LD, Huong HTL, Son VT, Thuan NT,

Tuong LN (Eds.) (2015) UNDP (2015) IMHEN: Special report on the disaster risks managemnet and extreme events of the Vietnam to promote adaptation to climate change. UNDP and Vietnam Institute of Meteorology, Hydrology and Climate Change (IMHEN).

Xu J, Shrestha AB, Vaidya R, Eriksson M, Hewitt K (2007) The Melting Himalayas-Regional Challenges and Local Impacts of Climate Change on Mountain Ecosystems and Livelihoods. ICIMOD Technical Paper. International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development (ICIMOD), Kathmandu, Nepal.

Published

2020-09-02

How to Cite

[1]
A. K. Gupta, Dipak Yadav, Priyanka Gupta, Supriya Ranjan, Vishal Gupta, and Sirpat Badhai, “Effects of climate change on Agriculture”, FASJ, vol. 1, no. 3, Sep. 2020.

Most read articles by the same author(s)