The Aftermath of COVID-19 ON Food and Agrisector
Impact of COVID-19
Keywords:COVID-19, food and agriculture sector, food insecurity, food supply chain
Coronaviruses are the large family of viruses which may cause illness and respiratory infection ranging from the common cold to more severe diseases such as Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) and Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) and was discovered recently in Wuhan, China, December 2019. The main focus of this paper is its impact on Food and Agriculture Sector as food is one of the basic necessities of a person and also this sector contributes to a large portion of our country’s economy. Due to COVID-19, 30% of the Indian population is currently suffering from food unavailability and food scarcity. This paper highlights the effect of the pandemic on the three basic pillars of the food industry that are raw materials availability, production of goods, and marketing of the finished product. These are required to run a factory efficiently. During the COVID-19 situation, the raw material availability abruptly stopped which causes the production to stand still and markets were closed which caused a huge loss. This paper also emphasizes various consequences due to the pandemic on different food industries such as the dairy industry, fruits, and vegetable industry, meat and poultry industry, fisheries, and aquaculture. The preventive measures adopted by the country which include border closures, quarantines, and trade disruption had limited the people’s access to the sources of food and thus increased the risk of food crises shortly. In the future, food industries have to come up with some new protocols to live in this NEW NORMAL WORLD with more focus on Artificial Intelligence including minimal human contact with proper sanitation and hygiene practices.
Food and Agriculture Organisation, UN,
Food Safety and Standard Authority of India
Ministry of health and family welfare
Agricultural and processed food products export development authority (APEDA)
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